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Mental Health Disorders

What are mental health disorders?

The term 'mental health disorders' covers a wide range of behavioral and mental problems that range from those with mild symptoms to those that completely disrupt a person’s ability to function in the world around them. They include anxiety, depression, ADHD, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, PTSD, schizophrenia, and many more.

What are the symptoms of mental health disorders?

There is no single set of symptoms that covers all the many mental health issues that people suffer from. In a very general sense, mental health disorders prevent people from interacting or reacting to the world around them in a socially acceptable way.

What are the causes of mental health disorders?

There are many causes of mental health disorders. Some of them appear to be caused by a lack or overabundance of certain chemicals in the brain. If diagnosed properly, these can often be treated with medications to change the levels of those chemicals.

Some mental health issues can be caused by physical or emotional injury to the brain. These disorders are harder to treat with medications although there is some success at treating the symptoms of the disorder combined with therapy.

Can any complications arise if left untreated?

Like any other ailment, left untreated, mental health disorders tend to get progressively worse. If you think you are suffering from a mental health issue, you should see a doctor as soon as possible before the symptoms of that medical condition begins to negatively affect your life.

What medications treat mental health disorders?

There are many medications that may be prescribed by your doctor, depending on which mental health disorder you are suffering from:

  • Anti-anxiety drugs
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-psychotics
  • Stimulants

Common medications may include

Antianxiety Agent - Antihistamine Type
hydroxyzine Vistaril
Antianxiety Agent - Benzodiazepines
alprazolam Ativan chlordiazepoxide clorazepate diazepam lorazepam
Antianxiety Agent - Dicarbamate Type
meprobamate
Antianxiety Agent - Non-Benzodiazepine
buspirone
Antidepressant - Alpha-2 Receptor Antagonists (NaSSA)
mirtazapine Remeron
Antidepressant - Monamine Oxidase (MAO) Inhibitors
Emsam Marplan Nardil Parnate phenelzine tranylcypromine
Antidepressant - Neuroactive Steroid GABA-A Receptor Modulator
Zulresso
Antidepressant - Norepinephrine & Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors (NDRIs)
Aplenzin bupropion Forfivo Wellbutrin
Antidepressant - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Celexa citalopram escitalopram fluoxetine fluvoxamine Lexapro
Antidepressant - Serotonin-2 Antagonist-Reuptake Inhibitors (SARIs)
nefazodone trazodone
Antidepressant - Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
Cymbalta desvenlafaxine Drizalma duloxetine Effexor Fetzima
Antidepressant - SSRI and 5HT1A Partial Agonist
Viibryd
Antidepressant - SSRI and Serotonin (5-HT) Receptor Modulator
Trintellix
Antidepressant Combinations
amitriptyline / chlordiazepoxide amitriptyline / perphenazine fluoxetine / olanzapine Symbyax
Antidepressant-Norepinephrine and Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors (NDRIs)
Aplenzin bupropion Forfivo Wellbutrin
Antipsychotic - Atypical Agents, General
Abilify aripiprazole Aristada asenapine Caplyta clozapine
Antipsychotic - Dopamine Antagonists
chlorpromazine fluphenazine Haldol haloperidol molindone perphenazine
Antipsychotic - Dopamine-Serotonin Antagonists
Adasuve loxapine
Sedative-Hypnotic - Non-Barbiturates
Ambien Ativan Banophen Belsomra Benadryl bismuth subsalicylate
Smoking Deterrents, Systemic
allantoin / camphor / menthol / phenol Anbesol Cold Sore Therapy benzalkonium / camphor bupropion camphor / dimethicone / menthol / phenol Chantix

References

What Is Mental Health? - MentalHealth.gov

Mental Health Information - Mental Health America

National Institue of Mental Health

About Mental Health - CDC

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