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High Blood Pressure

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is common among Americans. Over time, the force of the blood against your artery walls may be high enough to cause health problems like heart disease.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

Rarely do symptoms accompany high blood pressure. However, some people may experience the following symptoms once the disorder has reached a severe stage:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds

If you believe you may be at risk for high blood pressure, you should take a blood pressure test.

What are the causes of high blood pressure?

The exact cause of high blood pressure is unknown. However, several factors can lead to high blood pressure. These can include:

  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Too much salt
  • Too much alcohol
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Old age
  • Family members with similar conditions
  • High alcohol consumption

Can any complications arise if left untreated?

  • Aortic aneurysms
  • Heart attacks
  • Heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney disease
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Stroke
  • Vascular dementia

Work with your doctor to get your high blood pressure under control to reduce your risk of these medical conditions.

What medications treat high blood pressure?

Your doctor may prescribe several medications for treating high blood pressure, covering ACE inhibitors, ARBs, calcium channel blockers and diuretics.

Common medications may include

Agents for Opioid Withdrawal, Central Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist-Type
Agents to Treat Periodic Paralysis - Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Alpha-Beta Blockers
carvedilol Coreg labetalol
Antihypertensive Therapy Combinations
atenolol / chlorthalidone bendroflumethiazide / nadolol bisoprolol / hydrochlorothiazide Dutoprol hydrochlorothiazide / methyldopa hydrochlorothiazide / metoprolol
Beta Blockers Cardiac Selective, All
acebutolol atenolol betaxolol bisoprolol Bystolic Kapspargo
Beta Blockers Non-Cardiac Selective, All
Corgard Hemangeol Inderal InnoPran nadolol pindolol
Calcium Channel Blockers
Adalat amlodipine Calan Cardene Cardizem Cartia
Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs) Combinations
Central Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Catapres clonidine guanfacine methyldopa methyldopate
Diuretic - Potassium Sparing Diuretics and Combinations
Aldactazide Aldactone amiloride amiloride / hydrochlorothiazide Carospir Dyrenium
Ophthalmic - Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Azopt brinzolamide dorzolamide Trusopt
Pulmonary Antihypertensive Agents
Adcirca Adempas Alyq ambrisentan bosentan epoprostenol
Ringer's and Lactated Ringer's Solutions
calcium chloride / lactate / potassium chloride / sodium chloride calcium chloride / potassium chloride / sodium chloride


High blood pressure (hypertension) - NHS

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) - Cleveland Clinic

High blood pressure (hypertension) - Mayo Clinic

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