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RxLess > Health Conditions > High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is common among Americans. Over time, the force of the blood against your artery walls may be high enough to cause health problems like heart disease.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

Rarely do symptoms accompany high blood pressure. However, some people may experience the following symptoms once the disorder has reached a severe stage:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds

If you believe you may be at risk for high blood pressure, you should take a blood pressure test.

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What are the causes of high blood pressure?

The exact cause of high blood pressure is unknown. However, several factors can lead to high blood pressure. These can include:

  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Too much salt
  • Too much alcohol
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Old age
  • Family members with similar conditions
  • High alcohol consumption

Can any complications arise if left untreated?

  • Aortic aneurysms
  • Heart attacks
  • Heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney disease
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Stroke
  • Vascular dementia

Work with your doctor to get your high blood pressure under control to reduce your risk of these medical conditions.

What medications treat high blood pressure?

Your doctor may prescribe several medications for treating high blood pressure, covering ACE inhibitors, ARBs, calcium channel blockers and diuretics.

Common medications may include

Agents for Opioid Withdrawal, Central Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist-Type
Drugs used to treat opioid withdrawal. Theyhelp by reducing the blood pressure and heart rate.
Agents to Treat Periodic Paralysis - Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors are mainly used for the treatment of?glaucoma?or other ocular conditions where lowering of the intraocular blood pressure has been deemed beneficial.?
Alpha-Beta Blockers
Alpha?and?beta?dual receptor?blockers?for treatment of high blood pressure.
Beta Blockers Cardiac Selective, All
Drugs that reduce blood pressure, also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. Nonselective blockers lower blood pressure without a reduction in heart rate or reflex tachycardia.
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Beta Blockers Non-Cardiac Selective, All
Drugs that reduce blood pressure, also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. Selective blockers block the stimulation of b1-receptors in the cardiac smooth muscle with chronotropic and inotropic effects.
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Calcium Channel Blockers
Drugs used to relax and dilate the blood vessels, resulting in lower blood pressure and may also slow the heart rate and alleviate chest pain.
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Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs) Combinations
Drugs used to relax and dilate the blood vessels, resulting in lower blood pressure and may also slow the heart rate and alleviate chest pain.
Central Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Drugs that lower blood pressure in many patients either alone or in combination with diuretics
Diuretic - Potassium Sparing Diuretics and Combinations
Drugs used to help rid the body of sodium and water. Potassium-sparing diuretics decrease potassium excretion by interfering with sodium resorption at the distal tubule.
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Ophthalmic - Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors are mainly used for the treatment of?glaucoma?or other ocular conditions where lowering of the intraocular blood pressure has been deemed beneficial.?
Pulmonary Antihypertensive Agents
Drugs used to treat high blood pressure.
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Ringer's and Lactated Ringer's Solutions
A mixture of sodium chloride, sodium lactate, potassium chloride, and calcium chloride in water. It is used for replacing fluids and electrolytes in those who have low blood volume or low blood pressure.

References

High blood pressure (hypertension) - NHS

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) - Cleveland Clinic

High blood pressure (hypertension) - Mayo Clinic