Install App?
rxless logo

rxless.com
Install Not Now
rxless logo

Use Google Chrome to get the rxless app

rxless logo

rxless app successfully installed!

rxless > Health Conditions > Heart Disease

Heart Disease

What is heart disease?

A functional heart is key to maintaining overall good health. When issues arise that affect heart functions, the impacts can alter a person’s quality of life and lead to an early death. Many people diagnosed with heart disease require medication to combat the symptoms of their illness.

Heart disease is a blanket term used to cover different heart conditions. Coronary artery disease, which affects blood flow to the heart, is the most common form of heart disease in the U.S. People can experience a heart attack if they don’t get enough blood flow to the heart.

What are the symptoms of heart disease?

An individual may not realize they are at risk for heart disease until they experience symptoms like:

  • Heart arrhythmia — A heart arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat caused when the signals that coordinate heartbeats stop functioning correctly.
  • Heart attack — Also called a myocardial infarction, a heart attack occurs when the heart stops receiving enough blood. Symptoms include chest pain, feelings of weakness, pain in the shoulders or arms, and shortness of breath.
  • Heart failure — Congestive heart failure occurs when the heart can’t provide levels of blood sufficient to support body systems.

What causes heart disease?

People dealing with health conditions like high blood pressure or high cholesterol may be more at risk for developing heart issues. Atherosclerosis, a build-up of cholesterol in the blood vessels, can restrict blood flow to the heart. Without treatment, the plaque could break off and cause you to have a heart attack or stroke.

Can any complications arise if left untreated?

If left untreated, heart disease can cause individuals to experience shortness of breath during even mild physical activity. The biggest risk is the possibility of suffering from heart failure.

How do you treat heart conditions?

Doctors typically recommend making lifestyle changes like getting more exercise or consuming a healthier diet to help protect heart health. If you’ve been diagnosed with heart disease, your doctor may prescribe medications like beta-blockers, anticoagulants, and diuretics to address the symptoms.

Common medications may include

Agents for Opioid Withdrawal, Central Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist-Type
Drugs used to treat opioid withdrawal. Theyhelp by reducing the blood pressure and heart rate.
Anticoagulants - Citrate-based
Drugs used to prevent blood clots, also known as blood thinners.
Anticoagulants - Coumarin
Drugs used to prevent blood clots, also known as blood thinners.
Beta Blockers Cardiac Selective, All
Drugs that reduce blood pressure, also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. Nonselective blockers lower blood pressure without a reduction in heart rate or reflex tachycardia.
Show More Medications
Calcium Channel Blockers
Drugs used to relax and dilate the blood vessels, resulting in lower blood pressure and may also slow the heart rate and alleviate chest pain.
Show More Medications
Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs) Combinations
Drugs used to relax and dilate the blood vessels, resulting in lower blood pressure and may also slow the heart rate and alleviate chest pain.
Cardiac Inotropes - Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Drugs that are beneficial in the treatment of acute and chronic heart failure
Cardiovascular Sympathomimetic - Anaphylaxis Therapy Agents
Drugs used to treat anaphylaxis by using cardiovascular sympathomimetics that stimulate the heart
Cyclic Lipopeptide Antibiotics
Drugs used to treat skin, blood, and heart bacterial infections
Digitalis Glycosides
Drugs used for edemas that are caused by a weakened heart.
Diuretic - Potassium Sparing Diuretics and Combinations
Drugs used to help rid the body of sodium and water. Potassium-sparing diuretics decrease potassium excretion by interfering with sodium resorption at the distal tubule.
Show More Medications
Ganglionic Blocking, Non-Depolarizing
They reduce sympathetic outflow to the heart thereby decreasing cardiac output by decreasing heart rate and contractility
Heart Rate Reducing, SA Node Selective I(f) Current Inhibitors
Drugs used for heart-rate-lowering
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors - Phosphodiesterase III Inhibitors
Drugs used for the therapy of acute heart failure and cardiogenic
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors - Salicylates
Drugs used to lessen the chance of heart attack, stroke, or other problems that may occur when a blood vessel is blocked by blood clots.
Show More Medications
Thrombin Inhibitors
Drugs used to treat people who are having a heart attack or stroke by breaking up blood clots and typically given via IV.
Thrombolytic - Tissue Plasminogen Activators
Drugs used to treat people who are having a heart attack or stroke and typically given via IV.

References

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) - CDC

Heart disease - Mayo Clinic

Heart Disease - CDC

Risk factors for heart disease: Frequently asked questions - University of Iowa Health Care